Calisthenics Fitness Training

Calisthenics Description

Calisthenics is the term used to describe a wide variety of flexibility, strength and cardiorespiratory conditioning activities. Specific muscles may be targeted by selecting certain exercises which isolate them. Calisthenics normally can be done anywhere at any time without equipment. They can be performed with other people in a class setting, or individually. Calisthenics are often done in a circuit training fashion alternating between flexibility, cardiorespiratory and strength exercises.

Calisthenics Risks

  • Exercises which stress specific muscles, joints, tendons, or ligaments that are plagued by chronic injuries should be adapted or avoided, depending on your doctor's advice.

Calisthenics Sport-specific applications

  • Calisthenics can provide a basic framework of conditioning preparation for many sports

Calisthenics Equipment required

  • None (although an exercise mat is recommended)

Calisthenics Applicable substitutions

  • A stretch and tone exercise class
  • Circuit training

Calisthenics Reference sources, organizations and publications

  • IDEA: The Association for Fitness Professionals: 6190 Cornerstone Ct. East, Suite 204, San Diego, CA 92121-3773, (619) 535­8979
  • Aerobics and Fitness Association of America (AFAA): 15250 Ventura Blvd., Suite 310, Sherman Oaks, CA 91403, (800) 445-5950
  • American Council on Exercise (ACE): 6190 Cornerstone Ct. East, Suite 202, San Diego, CA 92121-4729, (619) 535­8227
  • IDEA TODAY Journal, see above address for IDEA
  • American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM): PO Box 1440, Indianapolis, IN 46206-1440, (317) 634-7817
  • The Official YMCA Fitness Program, Compiled by William B. Zuti, Ph.D., Warner Books, 1986.


Resistance Training/Flexibility/ Cardiorespiratory

Fitness Benefits

  • Cardiorespiratory 2
  • Flexibility 3
  • Muscular Strength 4
  • Muscular Endurance 3
  • Body Fat Recution 1

Fitness Requirements

  • Cardiorespiratory 1
  • Flexibility 1
  • Muscular Strength 1
  • Muscular Endurance 1
  • Coordination/Skill 1

Muscle groups used

A well designed workout will involve every major muscle group.

Energy expenditure

Approximately 0.033 Calories per minute per pound of body weight

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